By Troy Ivan
There are many ways to make hemp and cannabis extractions and for the novice the outcome sometimes might not be as clean and beautiful as we’d like. Often the simple process of winterizing a dirty concentrate can polish and improve the quality immensely. This rudimentary winterization and polishing can be used to clean up any type of concentrate from rosin to butane. We’re going to use a very dirty butane extraction for our example in this post. Crafting clean and safe BHO requires some knowledge and skill but it’s not overly difficult and can be learned easily. Performing butane extraction at home is very dangerous so I don’t recommend it and urge everyone to find a safer method for home extraction. Having said that, if you somehow end up with BHO that resembles a cloudy, wax laden, contaminate filled, proverbial “poop soup” you can use the “winterization” process, with food grade ethanol (95% or higher), to clean and polish your concentrate. Winterizing will eliminate the majority of remaining butane and remove undesirables like fats, lipids, and waxes, giving you a beautified concentrate that’s vastly more appealing and safer than the original. In this post I will share my experience of using winterization to clean up an unattractive glob of BHO like this.
This is what dirty BHO looks like and only God knows what’s in it. This is what will be cleaned up in this demonstration.
Step 1: Ethanol Bath
Introducing a butane extraction into 95% ethanol is a very efficient way to purge excess butane and separate out undesirables. The butane extract must be completely purged of ALL butane before moving past this stage. Most references floating around recommend combining ethanol and concentrate in a 10:1 ratio. To my experience thus far I’ve found 10:1 to be insufficient. In this demonstration I used about 15:1, and would encourage using up to 20:1 if the BHO is dirty enough. Using too little ethanol may result in leaving a good deal of desirable components behind with the undesirables once we filter out the waste. To begin, carefully heat the ethanol to 110°F-120°F in a very well ventilated area, on a hot plate, away from any open flame or ignition source, and defiantly not over a gas stove burner. Remember, ethanol is very flammable and needs to be handled with the highest regard for safety.
A fresh, loose butane extraction will combine with ethanol readily, however, if the concentrate has already set up in a stable form it’ll take time to dissolve into a solution. Stirring the heated mixture allows a fresh butane extraction to release the purging gas through active bubbling, while dissolving a stable concentrate may not experience any bubbles. The solution must be stirred until the concentrate is completely dissolved and the bubbling has subsided.
DEMONSTRATION: I started with 42.5g of poop soup, divided it in half, and put each 21g half in a glass jar with about 300ml of ethanol (nearly 15:1). The undesirables began to coagulate and form together in cloudy globs very quickly.
**ALL BUTANE MUST BE 100% PURGED BEFORE MOVING ON**
Step 2: Freeze Solution
Subjecting the ethanol bath to freezing temperatures encourages the undesirables to coagulate, solidify and become fully suspended in the solution. This step can be accomplished in the freezer for 48-hours or with dry ice for at least 3-hours. For optimal results it’s important not to disturb the solution during the cooling phase.
DEMONSTRATION: In each of those jars is 21g of BHO concentrate being winterized. The left photo was shortly after it was put in the freezer and the photo on the right was after 48-hours of chilling.
Step 3: Filter Out Coagulated Undesirables
Anything from unbleached coffee filters to various grades of filter papers and Buchner funnels are acceptable for this task. The undesirables are quite easy to filter so faster flow filters, like coffee filters, are probably sufficient but I still use a slow flow paper filter to catch as much as possible.
DEMONSTRATION: This is the combined filtered results of both jars after chilling in the freezer for 48-hours. The filtered undesirables are plentiful and obviously very different than the resulting filtered alcohol solution seen in the beaker on the left.
Step 4 (optional): Reprocess Collected Undesirables by Repeating Steps 1-3
If the undesirable byproduct of the first filtering seems heavy, once again combine the undesirable contents to clean ethanol, and repeat steps 1-3.
DEMONSTRATION: The 21g wet weight of undesirables seemed excessive so 400ml of ethanol was used to break it down again then placed in the freezer for another 48-hours.
DEMONSTRATION: The second filtering resulted in undesirables of a much more solid form, 2.27g of a hard wax, and a beautiful golden wash. This wash was significantly lighter in color than the original filtered wash. Both washes had the same components, but due to the lower component density this one was much lighter.
If the wash appears to need further polishing, go to the Polishing Dark Extracts: Carbon Scrubbing & Diatomaceous Earth Filtering blog post and review that process to determine if it’s necessary.
Step 5: Purge Ethanol:
The wash is nothing more than a combination of cannabis oil and ethanol, but to isolate the coveted cannabis oil for use as a concentrate the ethanol must be removed. How well this step is performed will have a large impact on the quality of the final product. My goals during this step are to use minimal heat, finish expediently, and recover as much alcohol as possible. For this task there’s only one affordable, easy to use, at home appliance for the job, the Source Turbo by ExtractCraft (www.extractcraft.com). If using the Source, for safety of operation, you must make absolutely sure there is no butane remaining in the wash. No butane can be used in the unit. You can run 300ml per batch, clean about 21 grams of dirty extract at a time, use only around 100°F to keep the terpenes strong, and reclaim 95% of the ethanol safely in the home in a little more than two-hours.
DEMONSTRATION: The results from the initial filtering were clean and looked great. A total of 32g of quality concentrate was recovered from this batch. An additional 4.5g was recovered from the second wash of the re-filtered undesirables. Total recovery from the original 42.5g was 86%.
Step 6: Post-Process as Desired
I threw the delicious oil in the vac oven and made some happy days! You can too!
1. Poop soup is gross but can be cleaned and polished with a little bit of effort and know-how.
2. The end result of the darker initial wash and the substantially lighter wash from reconstituting the undesirables came out exactly the same, so wash color indicates concentration as much as quality.
3. There’s too much nonsense and too many fools in the world to be without clean medicine to stay lifted, so take the time to make yourself some quality meds you can enjoy.
63 thoughts on “WINTERIZING & POLISHING EXTRACTS USING ETHANOL”
will this method work to clean up rso as well
Yes and No. It will clean up the fats and such but it won’t remove the chlorophyll. It will give you a more potent end product by weight because a lot of undesirables will have been removed, but once the chlorophyll is in there it isn’t coming out without for the home user.
is there a way to remove the chlorophyll from it without being a scientist.
im always try to learn new things thanks for your time.
There are a couple ways, but not without some chemistry. For home users, once it’s in its there for good. It’s much easier to stop it from getting into the extraction from the start
and 1 other question is ethanol the only liquid that will work in this process
Good question, it’s all I use.
so do you have a guide for make concentrate so i dont get the chlorophyll in it in the beginning.
i liked way you did this processes and would love to learn to do concentrate the right way again thanks for your time.
Yes, check out my blogs on http://www.extractcrafter.com and read the two QWET posts. One on supercooled QWET and one one freezer Vs dry ice. Those should help
awesome i will right now thanks and happy smoking.
why is everyone talking about chlorophyll? if you use bho as a starting product in to the ethanol there will be no chlorophyl correct? because butane i believe is non polar so i believe that it doesn’t pick up the chlorophyll correct?
The people asking are doing alcohol extraction most likely
one other thing what ethanol do you use
Anything that is food grade and 95% or better
Could I use 99% isopropyl instead of food grade?
Yes, as long as you use quality solvent, understand and accept the risks and make sure you purge exceptionally well.
Are you saying that polishing shatter this way, and purging in a vac-oven, re-produces a stable shatter? Or do you wind up with a soft oil?
Hmmm, good question. I have not actually taken shatter and remade shatter. I suppose, if you have material that wasn’t well winterized or dewaxed you provably aren’t going to have a nice stable shatter to begin with, right? Secondly, I don’t see a problem with polishing shatter and getting back to a stable shatter form.
How do you purge butane from the wax without a vacuum pump? How do you get ride of the ethanol without the Source Turbo? Thanks!
How do you build a house without tools?
Very informative article. I have two questions about stages 5 and 6.
1) If one were to use the Extract Craft Turbo for stage 5, how dry would one want the product to be before proceeding to stage 6? Should all the ethanol be removed, leaving a wax, or should it be removed when it’s still an oil?
2) To make either (a) shatter or (b) wax, what procedure would you recommend for stage 6, using a vacuum chamber and heat source, i.e. how much time, temperature, pressure? Assume sea-level elevation, 55g starting material, 7.5g pre-winterised BHO, 1g dry-weight waxes lost from winterisation, so end product about 6.5g.
For question #1, I assume by “dry” you mean how much do you need to purge before going to the vac chamber. The answer is simply, purge to an oil and as far as you can without the temps building due to running the machine dry. For final purging there are an endless number of opinions on temp and treatment. You can use anything from room temp at full vac to around 112F at full vac. There are many arguments that at full vac and higher temps you will be knocking off a lot of terps, and that is most likely true. The often quoted number is not to exceed 100F, and that seems pretty reasonable. However, the particular example in those photos was purged as a test at 112F with the pump running wide open for 24 hours and it worked pretty well. For normal operations though I would aim for 90-95F at full vac, burping and flipping once or twice a day.
How does one know if the butane is 100% out?
In reality, 100% will never be achieved because even with the best purging there will be a residual ppm. Having said that, once you purge well with ethanol you will have purged quite well. It’s impossible for me to say how much one might expect because there are so many people that cut corners and don’t pay attention, but when I perform the winterization I am comfortable with the residual butane being as low as possible.
Using dry ice. 3 hours in what kind of setup? Like mason jar with dry ice around it in a styrofoam cooler? Or dry ice in solution? Thanks!
Whatever you have access to and ability to execute. I just use the freezer mostly
Some C02 guys winterize at -78, so if you want to head that way you will need to slurry
Hi great article and thank you for sharing all this information.i have a a quastion about the colour and transparency of your final product.It is hard for me to judge when it is spread into a thin layer and lots of times it looks very similar until it is placed in a fiver(5g glass jar) and thats when usually the true colours and transparency are seen.when ever i buy bho its usually in a fiver and first thing i do is hold it up against a bright light to see how clear it is.99% of the bho i see is on the brown side of the colour spectrum.My quastion is if you were to take your finished product in this article and placed it in a fiver would you be able lets say for example read a article from a newspaper looking through it and would the colour be that of real honey golden like or would it be darker something like root bear more on the brown side.Have you ever heard of any other methods of getting a lighter colour product from the typical darker ,root beer like colour? would activated charcoal take some colour out?
First off, I don’t judge anything by color because it can be a false indicator as easily as it can be accurate. If you go to my main page you will see an article on polishing extracts with carbon you may find interesting
Regarding the excessive undesirables in the first filtering, what do you think is contained in the filter? I’m having similar results with relatively clean shatter I thought I would winterize for oil pens. Normally, I QWET with flower and the 1st washes have similar results as your secondary filtering with a mostly dry white powder on the Buchner filter paper. Do you think starting with a higher ethanol to shatter ratio would lead to a cleaner 1st filtering? Thank you and love your site!
It depends on how dirty your starting material is, if its as dirty and the stuff I used here a higher ratio can make it easier.
Is the oil good to into a vape pen right out of the source turbo or is a further purge necessary to remove residual alcohol
You can air purge sufficiently
What steps can I take without using a vacuum oven?
You can spread thin on a mat and allow to air cure
For how long do you let it air cure?
That is a case by case and personal preference measure. It can be 24-hours to 1-week
Where can I purchase a good vac oven
Best value vac, Lab Society, Across International,
On YouTube there is a demonstration of a mason jar with a vacuum connection in the lid to create a vacuum chamber. Would this work as a poor mans vac oven if you set the mason jar on a coffee cup warmer?
Theoretically yes, but I’ve never tried before
2020 …… great article . Wonder how this process would help rosin
The good thing is that it will clean it up and make more potent. Down side is losing some terps because they’re attached to the lipids and wax you’ll be removing
This is a novice approach h and at first he says the filter will remove butane . No it doesn’t it only removes wax.but your purging at the very end will.Well if you do it this way you will lose Terps and should be separated beforehand then re introduce in the end.by the way there are benefits to alot of the compounds that are stuck to the wax.so if I was making it for eating I wouldn’t winterize at all . Waste of time and beneficial compounds that cling to the wax. It’s called full spectrum oil. Only winterize if you smoke it.or if you have a lot of concentration and going to be storing it dewaxing keeps it more stable I’ve heard.less likely to mold .
can this be used to remove excess sulfur in bho
good question. I’ve never done it but I would tend to think that the carbon would grab the sulphur. I can’t promise though.
Is there such a thing as too much winterization for an ethanol wash?
Winterization, not really. Too much scrubbing, yes. Too cold and poor pickup performance in the wash, also yes.
Excellent. Thank you for the reply.